Many governments, in Europe and elsewhere, have more and more appeared to implement so-called digital service taxes, which apply largely to American tech giants like eBay and Amazon. Italy, Spain, Austria and Britain have all introduced plans to levy digital providers taxes, following the lead of France.
In response, the United States has threatened to impose tariffs on imports from international locations that impose the taxes. The administration mentioned in July that it could transfer subsequent yr to tax $1.three billion in merchandise like cosmetics and purses from France, in retaliation for its digital service tax. Mr. Saint-Amans mentioned Monday that he had seen no indication that the United States or France would maintain off on re-escalating the dispute subsequent yr.
France, which has been main the European marketing campaign to tax digital giants, will press forward with a plan to impose a tax on Apple, Facebook and different web giants this yr regardless of the delay introduced by the O.E.C.D., a finance ministry spokesman mentioned Monday. The three p.c tax on whole annual income from providers to French customers was authorised this yr by the French parliament and “will apply,” the spokesman mentioned, including that Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire would urge international locations at a G20 assembly on Wednesday to strike a deal on digital and minimal taxation rapidly.
A key objective of the talks has been to de-escalate tensions by reaching worldwide settlement on how and the place digital exercise could also be taxed. In current months, together with what officers described as 70 days of digital convention conferences on-line, negotiators have sought to flesh out the small print of what such an settlement would possibly appear like in observe — whereas basically ignoring the high-level political disputes which might be maintaining any settlement from coming collectively.
Typically in worldwide tax negotiations, events strike a political settlement first after which fill within the particulars, mentioned Manal Corwin, a former Treasury Department official within the Obama administration who now heads the Washington nationwide tax observe at KPMG. “Here, it’s a bit reversed,” she mentioned. “They’re trying to make as much progress as possible on the technical details, and then try to make a political agreement.”
One of the technical paperwork launched on Monday would information the place multinational firms pay taxes, together with a brand new push that might successfully make some tech firms pay taxes the place their clients are, even when they don’t have any operations in these international locations. Another would set up a brand new international company minimal tax.
Those efforts, mixed with adjustments in worldwide taxation that have been included in President Trump’s signature 2017 tax regulation, may elevate as much as $100 billion a yr in new tax income from multinational firms, the O.E.C.D. estimates. Another $100 billion in company taxes may shift between international locations. Countries of all revenue ranges would profit from extra tax revenues, the O.E.C.D. estimated on Monday, although some low-tax international locations like Ireland may lose out.
The American enterprise group is split over the talks. Some multinational firms, together with many expertise firms, are longing for an settlement that might head off the issues of complying with totally different digital providers taxes in a variety of nations. Other firms concern the settlement would elevate their taxes unexpectedly and have been a driving pressure in pushing the administration to announce its disengagement from negotiations in the summertime.
Liz Alderman contributed reporting from Paris.