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Ilham Aliyev — the President who went to warfare

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With the latest navy victory over Armenia, Ilham Heydar Oglu Aliyev, Azerbaijan’s President, has regained among the territory the nation misplaced to its neighbour within the 1991-94 warfare. The larger problem earlier than the 56-year-old chief is to win the hearts of the 1000’s of Armenians within the space restored to his nation, who should stay alongside the Azeri inhabitants that has been ate up distrust and hatred about them. Right by the six-week confrontation, nevertheless, Mr. Aliyev demanded an apology from Armenia, dominated out a dialogue and insisted on the seize by navy pressure of the Armenian majority area of Nagarno-Karabakh, which seceded from Azerbaijan in the direction of the top of the Soviet Union.

The President’s dealing with of the decades-long dispute demonstrated a complete disregard of the 1975 Helsinki ideas of the Organisation for European Security and Cooperation (OESC), which prohibit the usage of pressure and accord recognition for the equal proper to self-determination.

The lengthy political profession of the ex-oil govt, who has acquired a doctorate in political science and different honours for his contribution within the area of sports activities, predates his anointment as Prime Minister by his ailing father and former President forward of the 2003 Presidential bid. While that election was broadly criticised as rigged, Mr. Aliyev’s 17-year rule has been marked by an authoritarian model of governance at home, leveraging the nation’s oil wealth and the pursuit of deft diplomacy overseas.

Mr. Aliyev disbursed with the constitutionally stipulated two time period restrict for the President in a 2009 referendum, one 12 months after his re-election. He was merely following within the footsteps of his father who, in a 2002 plebiscite, made a provision for the President to be succeeded by the Prime Minister, slightly than the Speaker of Parliament.

His tightly managed 2016 referendum to change the structure was severely criticised by the Venice Commission, a Council of Europe physique which displays constitutional legislation. Among the sweeping modifications had been the extension of the presidential time period from 5 to seven years and the creation of the workplace of Vice President. The place, occupied by Mr. Aliyev’s spouse Mehriban Aliyeva since February 2017, makes her a possible frontrunner for the presidency. Activists alleged that the transfer contravened the provisions of an anti-corruption legislation that barred officers from appointing shut family members to serve beneath them. Another change, to dispense with the age criterion for candidates, sparked hypothesis that Mr. Aliyev might be grooming his son for top workplace at some point.

Human rights abuses

The intensive human rights abuses in opposition to activists difficult the Aliyev household’s report of corruption has garnered world consideration. Most notable is the May 2019 European Court of Human Rights’ unanimous ruling on Baku’s infringement of its authentic 2014 verdict. The latter pertains to the detention between 2013 and 2018 of Ilgar Mammadov, a distinguished opposition politician, who had proposed to contest the 2013 presidential race. Mr. Mammadov was lastly acquitted in April 2020.

In 2016, U.S. Congressmen proposed the Azerbaijan Democracy Act to sanction people within the greater echelons of the nation’s political and administrative equipment. The European Parliament within the earlier 12 months adopted a decision condemning the ban on peaceable protests within the capital Baku since 2006 and the intimidation and repression of defenders of human rights beneath Mr. Aliyev’s watch.

The launch amongst others, of Khadija Ismayilova, the investigative journalist who was sentenced to seven and a half years was seen as an try and mollify western powers by Mr. Aliyev’s authorities confronted with a monetary crunch following the stoop in oil costs.

And then he launched the warfare in late September and the navy good points appear to have bolstered his strongman picture. After six weeks of preventing, Mr. Aliyev agreed to finish the operations within the Russia-brokered deal in return for Armenia’s retreat. The peace-keeping deal, nevertheless, is just not considerably completely different from the ceasefire of the 1990s the senior Aliyev brokered however with none lasting settlement. That’s the problem President Ilham Aliyev is dealing with even amid victory.

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