India

Lifestyle change, lack of paperwork plague erstwhile enclave dwellers 5 years after LBA

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There is a necessity to assist them to settle right down to a brand new life model, says NHRC particular rapporteur

A report by the particular rapporteur of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) on the erstwhile enclave dwellers had referred to a “definite change in the life style” of the households who most well-liked to depart their villages positioned deep in Bangladeshi territory however retain their Indian nationality. In his report, B.B. Mishra of the NHRC East Zone in November 2019, had advised employment for them almost definitely within the close by tea gardens.

“The 200 families who preferred to leave their villages but retain Indian nationality are being rehabilitated in pucca dwelling houses. Earlier they used to keep cows, goats and duck, catch fish and grow vegetables in the backyard for which there is no provision now. There has to be definite change in lifestyle. There is a need to help them to settle down to a new life style,” the report says.

On Wednesday, hundreds of erstwhile enclave dwellers held protests for hours outdoors the workplace of the district Magistrate Cooch Behar beneath the banner Amra Chitmahalbasi (We the residents of enclaves). Kirity Roy, well-known social activist and secretary of Masum, mentioned the report clearly stresses on the significance of land deeds and various alternatives to which the administration has not given a lot although prior to now 5 years

“Even after five and half years of the implementation of the Land Boundary Agreement in 2015, many of our crucial demands remain unfulfilled including our right to citizenship, land ownership and opportunities for employment,” Nur Nabi, president of the Amra Chitmahalbasi, mentioned.

The representatives of the Cooch Behar district administration assured the protesters that their calls for for land deeds and together with the erstwhile enclave dwellers in State-run welfare schemes will likely be carried out throughout the subsequent few months.

More than 5 and half years in the past — on July 31, 2015 — the historic Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) between India and Bangladesh paved the best way for the decision of the seven many years lengthy drawback of enclaves. About 14,854 residents dwelling in 51 Bangladesh enclaves deep within the territory of India turned Indian nationals and one other 922 individuals (almost 200 households) got here from Indian enclaves in Bangladesh to the Coochbehar district.

LBA in battle with CAA

Mr. Roy additionally identified that the Land Border Agreement carried out in 2015 is in battle with the Citizenship Amendment Act handed in 2019 and thus the residents of enclaves want assurance of citizenship. Mr. Roy argued that the CAA offers citizenship for Hindu, Sikh, Jain, Buddhist, Parsi and Christian foreigners who’ve migrated from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan to India as much as December 31, 2014, on account of the persecution confronted by them on account of their faith, whereas the LBA offers citizenship to everybody residing within the 51 Bangladeshi enclaves regardless of their faith.

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