Mission to Mars: The Race for the Red Planet

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China launched an unmanned probe to Mars on Thursday, aiming to display its technological prowess because it makes a bid for world management in area with its first impartial mission to go to one other planet.

Here are some info about missions to Mars by China and different nations:

  • China’s unmanned Mars probe, named Tianwen-1 after “Tianwen”, or “Questions to Heaven”, contains an orbiter, lander, and rover to be delivered by the highly effective Long March 5 rocket. If profitable, it’ll make China the primary nation to orbit, land, and deploy a rover in its inaugural mission.
  • The Long March 5’s journey via area will take about seven months, whereas touchdown will take seven minutes. China’s probe will carry a number of scientific devices to watch the planet’s environment and floor, looking for indicators of water and ice.
  • In 2003, China grew to become the third nation to place a person in area with its personal rocket after the previous Soviet Union and the United States. In 2011, a joint Mars mission with Russia failed when the Russian spacecraft carrying the probe didn’t exit the Earth’s orbit and disintegrated over the Pacific Ocean.
  • Six spacecraft are at present orbiting Mars – three American, two European, and one Indian. NASA has two operational spacecraft on the floor.
  • The United Arab Emirates launched its first mission to Mars, the Hope Probe, from Japan’s Tanegashima Space Center on July 20. The first Arab mission to the Red Planet, it is because of arrive there in seven months and head into orbit to assemble atmospheric knowledge.
  • NASA has already despatched 4 Martian rovers to the Red Planet, having discovered essential classes from the Curiosity rover that landed on the planet’s floor in 2012 and continues to traverse a Martian plain southeast of 820-foot-deep (250-meter-deep) Jezero Crater, as soon as thought to have been a lake the dimensions of Lake Tahoe.
  • NASA’s InSight spacecraft, the primary robotic lander designed to check the deep inside of a distant world, touched down safely on the floor of Mars in November 2018 with devices to detect planetary seismic rumblings by no means measured anyplace however Earth.
  • NASA is planning the launch of a fifth rover, named Perseverance, this 12 months. Four-wheeled and car-sized, the robotic rover will scour the bottom of Mars’ Jezero Crater, as soon as the craft lands in February 2021. The mission will carry tools that may flip carbon dioxide, which is pervasive on Mars, into oxygen for respiratory and to be used as a propellant.
  • The Soviet Union is the one different nation to efficiently land a rover on Mars. In 2016, a European area probe was destroyed on affect when it tried a floor touchdown. Attempts by China and Japan to ship orbiters round Mars had been unsuccessful. Another launch initially deliberate for this 12 months, the EU-Russian ExoMars, was postponed for 2 years because of the coronavirus pandemic.

© Thomson Reuters 2020

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