According to a 2017 report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the gender pay hole in South Korea is the best amongst its 37 member international locations. Working girls earn almost 40 % lower than males, and plenty of cease working after they have youngsters, usually pressured by their households and workplaces.
Other international locations within the area, together with Japan — which additionally has an growing older inhabitants and a low birthrate — have broad gender disparities, particularly in relation to being pregnant. In Japan, the time period “matahara” (quick for maternity harassment) caught on when a girl’s claims of office bullying after she gave beginning had been heard within the nation’s Supreme Court in 2014.
These declining populations pose a menace to the international locations’ economies, making it all of the extra essential that governments tread fastidiously in incentivizing girls to have youngsters.
Last 12 months, South Korea’s inhabitants declined for the primary time on document, dropping by almost 21,000. Births fell by greater than 10.5 %, and deaths rose by three %. The Ministry of Interior and Safety acknowledged the alarming implications, saying that “amid the rapidly declining birthrate, the government needs to undertake fundamental changes to its relevant policies.”
Though the Seoul authorities might have fumbled in its recommendation, the backlash, some mentioned, proved that attitudes had been altering.
“This is just outdated advice,” mentioned Adele Vitale, a beginning doula and Italian expatriate who has lived in Busan, a port metropolis on the nation’s southeast coast, for a decade.
Ms. Vitale, who works primarily with international girls married to Korean males, mentioned that although Korean society had historically perceived pregnant girls as “incapacitated,” she had more and more seen their husbands adopting extra egalitarian views towards childbirth and little one rearing.