The fast evolution of know-how has imposed radical modifications to the ideas of navy planning, on the tactical and strategic stage, inside the armed forces basically, and air forces particularly, within the battle in opposition to terrorism. The use of precision fires and its related know-how has by far overthrown that of mass fires, as minimizing collateral injury and lowering civilian casualties has turn into a precedence. We can’t neglect the increasing function of drones and the potential they supply for navy operations. Furthermore, cyber capabilities and digital warfare have shortly entered the scene of contemporary warfare as important belongings.
Based on this, weapon specialists and future planners of air functionality, particularly in developed international locations with restricted monetary assets, can’t contemplate know-how on one hand and the doable growth or modification of conventional weapons for the mid to long run on the opposite.
The majority of armed forces are likely to make the most of superior capabilities supplied by know-how, thus they work on lowering the variety of personnel within the battlefield and within the space of operations. Relying on know-how is obvious by means of the usage of UAVs in espionage, reconnaissance, and evening and day surveillance operations to find targets, then neutralize or destroy these targets utilizing guided missiles. These plane are operated by specialised crews that may present steady protection if crucial. After the information and the data are collected, they’re analyzed and correctly categorized for fast reference on the applicable time.
These plane — with their capabilities, operational options and low operational value — will exchange many standard weapons, tools and manned plane. The capabilities supplied by remotely managed drones are among the many most necessary ones that have to be supplied within the struggle in opposition to terrorist organizations and their cells. Developing these programs when it comes to benefits, capabilities and even measurement, taking into consideration their safety in opposition to digital jamming, is essential to reinforce their operational function in uneven warfare.
But we can’t overlook about hostile, airborne capabilities, as adversaries can make the most of domestically manufactured drones and may launch assaults in opposition to delicate facilities and air belongings. Eventually, buying counter-drone options is a demanding necessity of armed forces, beginning with passive protection as much as specialised programs to disrupt and neutralize these threats.
Social networking has turn into a really efficient software for use in unconventional wars, particularly within the subject of counterterrorism. Psychological warfare launched by means of social media can transfer the general public opinion and manipulate emotions. Therefore, successful the hearts and minds of individuals can extremely amplify the impact of psychological operations in a adverse or a optimistic method.
The significance of addressing targets with out inflicting collateral injury and injuring civilians has turn into a precedence. Therefore, the need of offering the potential of good, guided weapons has turn into an operational obligation that have to be deliberate for. The plan should additionally embrace the choice and possession of the suitable weapon and its ammunition to hold out the required duties (when it comes to goal accuracy in addition to the price of attaining, storing and sustaining ammunition, and so on.) in a way appropriate with the targets to be addressed.
Most of the weapons to be procured are chosen by means of evaluating technical, operational and logistical features earlier than deciding on one particularly or deciding on a sure producer. All that is finished in order that the brand new weapon is interoperable with the remainder of the obtainable weapons or programs. This technique is taken into account excellent for weapons acquisition.
However, many unexpected points may emerge. A profound examine of the brand new weapon’s traits, together with additions and modifications to those traits and, most significantly, its compatibility with the bottom and air weapon arsenal, is a should. Hence, having belongings working collectively in concord is extra necessary than the only functionality supplied by every weapon alone, regardless of the potential of the brand new weapon.
Mastery and professionalism in combining obtainable capabilities and weapons are probably the most highly effective strategy to producing the utmost effectivity of weapon programs of any sort.
The fundamental downside of know-how is the issues that it imposes to operations and to planning. The adversaries that we’d encounter could also be invisible through difficult-to-detect or unconventional weapons. Therefore, we have to impose correct countermeasures and strategies to have the ability to overthrow the capabilities that our enemy may possess. Looking on the a number of dangers and the modes that is perhaps used, related threat evaluation strategies have to be employed to categorise dangers and to orient coaching and planning in accordance with threat evaluation.
Throughout historical past, the ideas of battle represent the stable basis for any navy victory. The nearer the planners had been to those ideas, the higher the end result throughout battle. In fashionable warfare, shock continues to be probably the most standing precept of battle. Furthermore, using subtle weapons and strategies together with the ingredient of shock doubles the specified impact. An actual-life utility of shock in warfare may be taken from the expertise of the Lebanese Air Force.
Consider the battle of Danniyeh in 2000, through which the navy shocked the al-Takfir wal-Hijra group with an air assault operation and particular forces executed a blockade to remove the adversaries, to the battle of Nahr al-Bared in 2007 in opposition to the Fatah al-Islam group, through which the armed forces shocked the group by dropping 250- and 400-kilogram munitions from transport helicopters. Or the Lebanese armed forces’ battles in opposition to ISIS and the Nusra Front between 2013 and 2017, when Puma transport helicopters had been armed with 30mm cannons, 68mm SNEB rockets, and 250- and 400-kilogram bombs, which fashioned an efficient air capability that was not thought of by the terrorists. The key to victory in all these battles was shock.
Moreover, shock was most successfully employed in the course of the Dawn of the Jurds operation in 2017. Aerial use of copperhead laser-guided artillery from armed Cessna AC-208 plane made an enormous shift within the steadiness of energy and led to the defeat of ISIS militants occupying a large space of Lebanon’s jap border. Eventually, the terrorist group fled the world and full management was regained by the Lebanese Army.
Among an important challenges that air pressure planners will encounter is the power to maintain tempo with fast technological growth in addition to business’s progress on weapons and tools — particularly in a sophisticated theater of operations, similar to counterterrorism. The potential to maintain tempo with technological evolution requires a minimal stage of technical flexibility that facilitates the mixing of any change or growth of programs in a clean method and with a suitable value. All this goes again to a fundamental precept: All advances and enhancements should type a homogeneous construction that accomplishes the mission and completes the function of different naval and land programs.
Brig. Gen. Ziad Haykal is the commander of the Lebanese Air Force.